Follow the plan:
IS THE CASUALTY UNCONSCIOUS?
- If yes, SHOUT FOR HELP!
OPEN THE AIRWAY
- Is the casualty breathing normally?
- If not, call 999 or 112 if not done so already
START CHEST COMPRESSIONS
- Kneel next to the person
- Place the heel of one hand in the centre of their chest. Place your other hand on top of the first. Interlock your fingers.
- With arms straight use the heel of your hand to push down 5–6cm and release.
- The correct rate is 100 to 120 chest compressions per minute.
- Give 30 chest compressions.
- Open the airway again and pinch the soft part of the person’s nose closed.
- Take a normal breath, make a seal around their mouth and breathe out steadily.
- The casualties chest should rise and fall.
- Keeping the casualties head back and the chin lifted, take your mouth away, take another normal breath and give a second rescue breath.
- The two breaths should take no longer than five seconds.
- Repeat 30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths.
KEEP GOING UNTIL
- professional help arrives and takes over,
- the person starts to show signs of regaining consciousness, such as coughing, opening their eyes, speaking, or moving purposefully AND starts to breathe normally,
- or you become exhausted. (Get someone else to take over)
If you’d rather not give rescue breaths then deliver "Hands Only CPR". That’s better than doing nothing.